These cancers are not the same as adult cancers which can often be attributed to environmental or lifestyle factors like smoking, obesity, or exposure to harmful substances. They are specific to children under the age of 19 with some cancers impacting only those under the age of 5. Unlike many adult cancers, there is no early detection model for childhood cancer. In 80 percent of cases, the cancer has spread to other areas before it’s even identified, making treatment that much more difficult. 1
Childhood cancer doesn’t respond to treatment in the same way as adult cancers either. Just as adult cold medicine isn’t right for treating kids; research has shown that childhood cancers require specific treatments. In the absence of those treatments, doctors use adult cancer drugs, many in excess of 40 years old, to treat children.